Samos is a large island that has something for everyone: from large beach resorts to rustic villages, forests and interesting sightseeing. As Samos is an island with a long history, there are many sights that date from ancient times, such as the Sanctuary of Heraion and the Tunnel of Eupalinus. A very interesting sight to visit in Samos is also the Monastery of Panagia Spiliani, located above Pythagorion. Apart from swimming in fantastic beaches and strolling around villages, Samos is a great place for hiking. Many hiking paths cross the green forests in the center of the island, leading to waterfalls and secluded coves.
The Cave of Pythagoras is the place where the famous mathematician and philosopher was hiding when the tyrant of Samos,
Polycrates, was chasing after him. It is located on the eastern side of Mount Kerkis, the highest mountain of the Aegean, at a distance of 3 km from Votsalakia beach, and its access is quite difficult.
There are actually two caves, one close to the other. It is said that Pythagoras was living in one of them and used the other cave for teaching. One cave is flatter and therefore more appropriate for a living. It has three rooms but you can visit only the two. It ends in two gorgeous steeps and if you walk a bit more, you will meet a spring from where it is believed that Pythagoras used to drink water.
Close to the cave, there are two chapels, one dedicated to Saint John and the other to Panagia Sarantaskaliotissa. To go to the cave, you have to walk a path of about 300m. The path is well-signed but it gets steep as you reach the cave, so extra attention is needed. From there, you will have great views of the valley and the sea above.
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